Thursday, August 27, 2020
The way the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s atmosphere has been changing is an interesting issue among researchers today.Ã¢ Some trust it to be brought about by the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s regular geothermal turn of events and part of the ordinary change that the planet ought to experience. Others repudiate these cases by saying that manÃ¢â¬â¢s own creations and ill-advised utilization of non-renewable energy sources has been disturbing the normal warm changes.Ã¢ Environmentalists further inclination the overall population to act towards helping safeguard earth in light of the fact that manÃ¢â¬â¢s exercises are decreasing human endurance as well as of his co-planetary habitants too. Polar BearsÃ¢â¬â¢ Hierarchy in the Arctic Kingdom Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Polar bears are known to be the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest land predator. (Briggs, 2003, standard. 9) Adult females ordinarily gauge 330 to 550 pounds however guys can be as substantial as 775 to 1500 pounds. (Polar Bears International, 2008, standard. 4) Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Polar bears, as can be appeared in the Food Chain Model underneath, are on the natural way of life in the cold areas and feed on ringed seals and walruses. Polar Bear Beluga Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ringed SealÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Thick-Billed MurresÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Walrus Bowheaded WhaleÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Arctic CodÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Arctic Tern Zooplankton Source: Assignment Discovery School Lesson Plan, p. 3 Phytoplankton Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Although people have willingly volunteered to think about their condition, sharing duty isn't in every case simple. There used to be worries among Norway and Russia, with regards to who ought to be liable for the consideration of the Ursus maritimus or polar bear since they can be found in both countries.Ã¢ An examination made by Mette Mauritzen (2002) and her associates utilized satellite telemetry to acquire information from 105 female polar bears over twelve of years and the outcomes demonstrated that the various subpopulations in the various areas are all piece of one ceaseless polar bear population.Ã¢ This implies the two nations need to share the executives duty regarding the species. A dangerous atmospheric devation and the Arctic Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Many researchers are stating that the ebb and flow condition of an unnatural weather change is too fast.Ã¢ Some state that it will just take around 50 years before the ice in the Arctic will soften while others state it might take around 100 years.Ã¢ The time allotment is insignificant on the grounds that the earnestness of fighting an Earth-wide temperature boost can genuinely be seen with its anticipated and as of now on-going impacts. As indicated by NASA Engineer Josefino C. Comiso (2003), his satellite perceptions show that the multi year pattern in situ surface temperature is multiple times bigger than the multi year pattern which implies that the ocean is warming a lot quicker than typical. He additionally presumes that constantly 2050, the ice lying over the mainland rack would be dislodged into the polar bowl. Polar Bears and Global Warming Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ According to an article composed by Eric Chivian (2001) entitled Environment and health:Ã¢ Species misfortune and biological system disturbance Ã¢â¬ the suggestions for human health,Ã¢ worldwide environmental change, stratospheric ozone consumption, and the negative consequences of other man-caused exercises to compromise biodiversity, yet it is the corruption, decrease and discontinuity of living spaces that is the best danger. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ According to an exceptionally broad investigation made by Andrew Derocher, Nicholas Lunn and Ian Stirling (2004) entitled Polar Bears in a Warming Climate, factors, for example, the diminishing region of Arctic Sea Ice, reduced multiyear ice, timing of ice development or separation, denning, developments of the bears on the ocean ice, amount of prey, human-polar bear connections and contamination all join to undermine the endurance of the species. Cold Sea IceÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ According to the IUCN/Species Survival Commission Polar Bear Specialist Group (2002, pp. 21-35), polar bears have had the option to possess ocean ice natural surroundings all through the Arctic with its populace evaluated at 21,500 to 25,000. Cold Sea Ice are utilized by polar bears to move themselves over the water to go after seals.Ã¢ Lessening the quantity of ice would incredibly influence the food asset of the species. Reduced Multiyear IceÃ¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ According to a past report by Comiso (2002b refered to in Derocher, 2004) the ice spread in the Arctic is now declining at the pace of 9% at regular intervals; which implies that the ice might be totally gone in only one hundred years. Since polar bears are completely subject to their frigid natural surroundings, losing the ice can prompt their elimination. Timing of Ice Formation and its Break Up Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ One of the fundamental things that will be influenced by an Earth-wide temperature boost would be the pattern of separation and freezing of the yearly ice in the arctic.Ã¢ Some researchers accept that a dangerous atmospheric devation influences the cycle by making the ice separate prior every year while deferring its freeze. In CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s Western Hudson Bay, the yearly ice separation is seen to happen about 2.5 weeks sooner than 3 decades back. (Stirling, et.al. refered to in Derocher, 2004) This is significant in light of the fact that when the ice breaks sooner, the polar bears have abbreviated chance to benefit from seals which can extraordinarily influence the states of their bodies all through the year.Ã¢ Their bodies would not have had the option to get enough of the fat they would requirement for their four-month quick. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ According to different examinations recently done by Derocher and Stirling (1995b refered to in Derocher, 2004), grown-up polar bears lose around .85 to .90 kilograms of weight day by day during fasts.Ã¢ With the unexpected breaking of ice that would end taking care of period prior and the postponed freezing, polar bears will lose their weight strangely because of the more extended time they have to quick. Despite the fact that it might appear to be paltry, this significantly affects the pregnant polar bears.Ã¢ If these female pregnant polar bears fall past 189 kilograms of weight because of the long fasting time frame, odds of conveying the offspring become nil. Denning Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Female polar bears have most loved spots to cave. To arrive at these spots, the ice cycles ought to be customary to have the option to enable these bears to arrive at their goals on schedule. Likewise, with the ice dissolving and making the zone farther to swim to, it is getting hard for polar bears to arrive at their preferred areas. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ There are some subspecies that do may not be specific with their cave areas since they can nook on floating multiyear ice.Ã¢ These polar bears are as of now ready to raise the offspring well.Ã¢ However, with a worldwide temperature alteration influencing the multiyear ice, these bears may must be on the drifting ice longer than should be expected which implies more vitality wasted.Ã¢ This can likewise be inconvenient to the fledglings which are not yet completely created and prepared to climate the fatigued conditions. On the off chance that this occurs, at that point a worldwide temperature alteration will influence the populace in view of the fledglings that can be lost because of the conditions referenced. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ For polar bear populaces that want to return to their maternity nooks, another difficult that could compromise their characteristic action would be that while the planet warms, the verdure in the region would likewise be drier making these inclined to fire.Ã¢ Warmer sanctums with fire-dangers are not reasonable for pregnant polar bears and their offspring. Developments of Polar Bears on the Sea Ice Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Because of hotter ocean temperatures and an expansion in ocean twists because of an unnatural weather change, ocean ice will thin effectively and this may make this significant transportation for polar bears become flimsy or float quicker. On the off chance that it moves a lot quicker, the species would need to burn through more effort in arriving at their favored areas. Albeit polar bears love to swim, utilizing an excess of vitality can likewise cause unforeseen weakness and generation for the polar bears. Perceptions likewise note that polar bears move to land when ocean ice amount goes underneath half of its typical number. This could be on the grounds that more vitality is spent proceeding onward top of floating ice contrasted with strolling on strong cold ground. A diminishing in the quantity of ocean ice floating likewise reduces the chances to chase for more prey. Accessibility of Prey Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ A reduction in ocean ice has its impacts on the efficiency of seals, which are the primary food of polar bears.Ã¢ Seals depend on ocean ice for their maternity exercises, decreasing the amount of ocean ice floating because of a dangerous atmospheric devation will likewise diminish the number of inhabitants in seals. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ There were perceptions in 1979 that hotter temperatures and downpour came about to the simple revealing of seal little guy dens that made it threefold simpler for polar bears to get them. (Hammil and Smith, 1991 refered to in Derocher, 2004) If this can turn into a pattern wherein in hotter temperatures will cause the previous beginning of downpour which will
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Module 7 Research Paper Table of Contents History of Retail Industry History of Retail Industry Retail history returns right into the 1800s. Allowed a retail business currently contrasted with, harking back to the eighteenth century is night and day. Retail in the eighteenth century was viewed as a general store just in populaces more than 5000 and would comprise of things that were necessities. Like today, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have different retail locations to look over like Wal-Mart, Target and Kmart. There was one store and that was all customers needed to purchase from.Department stores were bit by bit presented which allowed clients to pick among brands and items at one area. From JC Penney established in 1902, to Piggly Wiggly in 1916 who was simply the first to offer checkout lines and self help. In 1961, Target was established with Wal-Mart in 1962 and Kohls directly behind them in 1963. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t long and Best Buy, Kmart, TJ Maxx, Costco, and a lot more retail locations made their ways for the business of shopping. It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t take long for the retail business to take off and draw in buyers of various sorts with the comfort of shopping and with it ame an encounter also. From retail chains to supermarkets they changed their methods of offering to gives clients the items they need as well as the air that was engaging. With Wal-Mart opening its entryways in 1962 it made the 1960s the unrest in the realm of retail. Today, retail industry is blasting, yes with the downturn it hurt a portion of the littler organizations however generally they have remained above water. We lost some large retail organizations in 2008, for example, Linens N Things, Mervyns and Circuit City.Consumers are going to keep on spending paying little heed to the financial condition of our nation and particularly with the web based retailing that was presented during the 1990s. Purchasing and going through cash has been that The History of Retail | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | 1956 Zay re retail establishments established 1946 Zero nourishments established 1951 Caldor stores established 1961 Target stores established 1963 Kohls established 1962 Wal-Mart stores established just as Best Buy 1977 TJ Maxx established 990 Walmart becomes universes biggest retailer 1995 Amazon. com propelled 1974 First utilization of scanner tag 1983 Costco Wholesale shaped 1999 Kmart celebrates 100th commemoration 2002 Walmart presents dollar store areas 2008 Linens and THings , Mervyns, Tweeter, and Circuit City petitions for financial protection 2007 CompUSA declares clsoing 2009 Microsoft reports open first retail location 1951 Caldor stores established 1902 JC Penney established 1915 The Upham's Corner Market Co established 1916 Piggly Wiggly supermarket chain established 1934 Service Merchandise established 1929 Kresge Company established | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | 1910| 1920| 1930| 1940| 1950| 1960| 1965| 1970| 1980 | 1990| 2000| 2010| Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | Ã | a lot simpler with the snap of a catch on your PC, iPhone, or even your tablet. Buyers can be at home, grinding away, or even in their vehicle and make a buy effortlessly of the quick moving mechanical advancements that has contacted every part of the retail esteem chain. Retail industry has fabricated such a fruitful business by offering purchasers a worth based encounter alongside comfort and the greatest of all, decision. Corporate Stakeholders The term partner is an individual or gathering that effects and organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s choices, strategies, and operations.With this being stated, the retail business needs to cause partners to comprehend the job in the business to help secure and improve their notoriety for being great as fabricate the trust in buyers. Corporate partners must be in excess of an ethical duty to the organization. They should be a piece of considerably more from how much purchasers spend to supporting key arrangement issues and at long last will change the investor esteem. Social, Economic, and Political Setting The retail business does a great deal for the social and monetary setting. Wal-Mart alone does a lot for the networks where their stores are found. In addition to the fact that they provide employments for around 1. 5 million individuals, they likewise have serious estimating to support neighborhood economies. Their serious valuing acquires in excess of 312 billion dollars.So not exclusively is Wal-Mart a flourishing organization they have confidence in a family work culture just as supporting their neighborhood networks. Many retail locations leave a major impression in their networks and around the world. They lift up noble cause and do their part to make a stamp famous. Then again, most in the retail business attempt to keep business and legislative issues separate which is by all accounts the most secure situation to take. Some retail o rganizations like Wal-Mart and Coca Cola are available to their connection with the Republican Party and appears to assist their picture with the conventional purchasers yet most don't have any desire to take a risk of culpable their client base. Residential and International EthicsStarbucks who opened their entryways in 1971 to forty after one year they have become a worldwide organization with in excess of 19,000 stores in 60 unique nations. They have made the Ethicsphere InstituteÃ¢â¬â¢s World most Ethical Company List for six straight years. They presented the Ethical Coffee sourcing program in 2001 to help cultivates in Central and South America improve their harvests while remaining ecologically mindful. They helped nearby nurseries plant more than 200,000 seedlings to reestablish characteristic woodland spread just as diminishing the utilization of herbicides and synthetic manures with ranchers. They additionally helped train ranchers to help diminish the utilization of car bon by supplanting in excess of 200,000 trees. Biological and Natural ResourcesThe retail industry has guidelines made by the Environmental Protection Agency that they need to go along by to meet administrative commitments just as lessening ecological effects, for example, squander the board, item choice and development of new offices. Retail organizations may have state guidelines to go along by just as Federal guidelines. Numerous in the retail business are taking incredible steps to help sway the earth. There are four territories that exceptionally sway nature. One is the decision of crude materials for dress impactsly affects the earth. Cotton is known for its thorough utilization of water and pesticides and the supposed regular colors that depend on the collect of a huge number of creepy crawlies to arrive at the Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ color.The second is producing. Material coloring and completing factories can be high makers of water contamination and carbon dioxide discharges and by improving their plants to lessen water, vitality and synthetic use can truly diminish the impression of their worldwide gracefully chain. The third is transportation which sadly producers and retailers are on different parts of the bargains which any method of transpor
Friday, August 21, 2020
Paper Writing AssistancePaper writing assistance can come in all sizes, shapes and descriptions. It may be paper for homework or school projects, which means a person can use it for personal papers or for school assignments. The main idea here is to provide the writer with proper guidance in order to work out what he needs and what paper writing assistance can provide.Paper writing assistance does not necessarily mean a person has to buy new paper. It can be the right kind of paper and what goes into the document. In this way, one does not need to spend more on the paper; it can be handled by someone else.Paper writing assistance can refer to the paper itself. It can be from a technical point of view where it is concerned with how to do things. This kind of paper writing assistance is not as important as it is in other areas of paper writing assistance. This means that there are lots of things one can do on his own when it comes to technical paper writing assistance.Paper writing ass istance can also be about the presentation of information or literature. This can refer to journals, books, presentations and even manuals or websites. It is important that what is to be presented to the public should be what is appropriate for what is being presented.There is more paper writing assistance that can be done at home. This can include placing the letter or other document that is sent to the reader in order to make sure it gets read. As this can be done manually, this can be done by a computer.Paper writing assistance is a very valuable part of the paper composing process. One needs to be careful that what he will get can benefit him and it can be presented well. A lot of things can be done at home that involve writing papers and this will be interesting for the person who is using the device. Paper writing assistance can come from many sources. Most people want to take this process into their own hands and even do it on their own. This means there is no end to the pape r writing assistance available.Finding the right paper writing assistance can be a difficult process. The first thing to do is to compare it with what the person wants in order to get the most out of the system. A proper study will show what kind of paper writing assistance the person needs and which company can offer what he needs.
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Introduction This report will explain the understanding of a small, local clothing store along the Jersey Shore boardwalk that wants to engage in e-Commerce. It will identify the advantages and disadvantage of taking a small business online by performing a SWOT analysis. It will provide key issues that any company faces when it conducts international commerce that includes trust, culture, language, government, and infrastructure. The businesses that operate on the Web that extends a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s reach beyond traditional boundaries. Second, it will attempt to explain the Web increases the speed and efficiency of business communications. Finally, it will look at the law enforcement agencies that have difficulty combating the many typeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦SWOT analysis performs best when it shows executives and managers the strengths they can leverage, the weaknesses they can address, the opportunities they can seize upon and the threats they can overcome. However, the depth of a SWOT analysis may not address inherent problems but only show company officials that they exist. The drawback is that it may simply reveal that more research is needed. Another drawback is that a SWOT analysis takes the same approach regardless of the problemÃ¢â¬â¢s dimensions, depth, simplicity or complexity. It is important to realize that all problems are not best solved by using the same tactics. (http://www.ehow.com/disadvantages-swot-analysis). Key Issues with International Commerce The key issues that any company faces when it conducts international commerce includes trust, culture, language, government, and infrastructure. Companies with established reputation in the physical world often create trust. Businesses can rely on their established brand names to create trust on the Web. New companies that want to establish online businesses face a more difficult challenge because a kind of anonymity exists for companies trying to establish a Web presence, This means if your business is not well established, it can be hard to get the trust that the established businesses have. The combination of language and customs is very important in any international business. Not being able to understand different languagesShow MoreRelatedStarting a Business Online Essay1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessmall business online by performing a SWOT analysis. Include 2-4 items in each category. What is a SWOT analysis? It is an evaluation of strengths and weaknesses of a business unit and identification of opportunities presented by the markets of business units and threats posed by competitors. Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats is what the letters of SWOT resemble (Schneider 2001 page 32).. Inside a business are where the strengths and weaknesses are found and what each business is capableRead MoreStarting a Business Online Essay1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssignment One BUS 107 April 19, 2012 Professor Ã¢â¬Æ' 1. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of taking your small business online by performing a SWOT analysis 2-4 items in each category. The online business I am going to start is EarlÃ¢â¬â¢s Flowers Togo. We sell flowers arrangements and candies online and we have a brick and mortar store. One of our strengths is that we sell affordable high quality flower arrangements with name brand candy. We have a website that is very internet friendlyRead MoreEssay about Starting a Business Online, Part 12356 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagese-Commerce, a business must look at several factors in order to determine if they are ready and able to do everything needed in order to make it successful. Companies should initially perform a SWOT analysis in order to determine if selling products online would be beneficial to the overall company. They also need to make sure they understand they will be dealing with customers all over the world and are willing to take on the work involved to know all of the legalities involved. Taking a business onlineRead MoreManaging Communications, Knowledge and Information1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCommunications, Knowledge and Information Introduction Starting a business require preparation, research and a lot of hard work. There are many decisions to be taken like type of business, financial support, location and so on. This decision has to be taken with a lot of care so they can overcome difficult stages of the business. New business also requires a strategic planning for future growth including products, partners and goals. Starting a business in the retail industry is a huge challenge facingRead MoreWhy Do You Go An Online Business? Essay1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesplans to start their own internet business. Others nurture online business ideas that they think will shake the web for long-time before taking the leap of entrepreneurship. While there is nothing bad in dreaming big, it is important to keep the realities of starting and running an online business in mind. When it comes to starting a web business, there are hundreds of details to be mastered but letÃ¢â¬â¢s just focus on 11Cs under the most critical phases of starting an e-venture. And it only makes senseRead MoreStart Your Own Online Business For Free1314 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStart an Online Business for Free Have you been wondering how to start your own online business for free? First let me tell you a story. About a year ago my wife and I split up and I became a single father of four. It was also at this time that I was diagnosed with a medical condition that forced me to quit my job. I was lostÃ¢â¬ ¦I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know how I would provide for my family Ã¢â¬â food, clothes, rent. I had nothing and no way to make money. I felt like a failure.It can be depressing trying to startRead MoreIt Is Not Always Easy To Find The Money To Launch A New1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesto launch a new business. Traditional business loans are normally not an option for a fledgling business; lenders prefer to make loans to companies with established records of sales and expenses. However, insufficient funding is one of the leading reasons that new businesses fail. Caught between the proverbial rock and a hard place, many entrepreneurs wonder whether personal loans can and should be used to start a new business. Should Personal Loans Be Used to Launch a New Business? It is possibleRead MoreDesigning An E Commerce Solution Evaluation Essay1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Introduction. Many businesses have shown that after implementing an e-commerce system into their companies, sales have increased immensely. Sneaker JoeÃ¢â¬â¢s is a small family run business that is looking to expand their business after the sneakers they sell have shown to be very popular locally, after a picture of them was spotted on a social networking site. I have been looking at some of the most popular websites that consumers use to purchase theirRead MorePersonality Characteristics And Personality Traits1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestechnologically savvy were also very important as they lay out a firm foundation during the establishment of business goals. In my opinion, one of the most sought after skills that clearly applies towards Tanseer was Ã¢â¬ËWearing many hatsÃ¢â¬â¢ as throughout the interview I could understand that she single handedly works on her venture and has to work on everything, right from marketing her business to financing it and operating it successfully. She said Ã¢â¬Å"Sometimes you have to work overnights creating budgetRead MoreWeb Hosting798 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAppendix A. When it comes to price, Yahoo! Small Business hosting at first appears to be the most attractive, even though the introductory rate of $3.47/month becomes $4.99/month after just three months (Yahoo, 2012). This is the cheapest basic hosting plan that was found in a search. Other details of the plan reveal that it might not be such a bargain (Yahoo, 2012). While Yahoo!s hosting service is very scalable and able to grow with the business, its service offerings are less than those of its
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the Meditations, Rene Descartes attempts to doubt everything that is possible to doubt. His uncertainty of things that existence ranges from God to himself. Then he goes on to start proving that things do exist by first proving that he exists. After he establishes himself he can go on to establish everything else in the world. Next he goes to prove that the mind is separate then the body. In order to do this he must first prove he has a mind, and then prove that bodily things exist. I do agree with Descartes that the mind is separate from the body. These are the arguments that I agree with Descartes. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In his six Meditations, only four contain his argument about corporeal things and establishing himself as aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Since he can only be certain of the existence of himself insofar as he is a thinking thing, then he has knowledge of his existence of only a thinking thing. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;After he has established himself as a thinking thing, he then goes on to argue that the mind is more certainly known then the body. He goes on to say that it is possible that all knowledge of external objects, including his body, could be false as the result of the actions of an evil demon. It is not, however, possible that he could be deceived about his existence or his nature as a thinking thing. This is true because if he can be deceived about anything, then he can be certain, as he is a thinking thing. Even corporeal objects, such as his body, are known much more distinctly through the mind than through the body. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;This is where the wax argument comes into play. All the properties of the piece of wax that we perceive with the senses change as the wax melts. This is true as well of its primary properties, such as shape, extension and size. Yet the wax remains the same piece of wax as it melts. We know the wax through our mind and judgement, not through our senses or imagination. Therefore, every act of clear and distinct knowledge of corporeal matter also provides even more certain evidence for the existence of Descartes as a thinking thing. Therefore his mind is much clearer and more distinctly know to him than his body. At thisShow MoreRelated The Meditations by Rene Descartes1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditations, his goal to prove the existence of things could only be accomplished if he was logical, clear, and correct in his thoughts and writings. The most important issues he noted were the threat of being deceived and the potential of being inco rrect in his judgments, both of which would lead him into error. Error exists as a problem that individuals encounter on a regular basis, and it also exists as a focal point in DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditations. Descartes defines error as Ã¢â¬Å"a privationRead MoreEssay on Descartes Meditations1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDescartes Meditations Descartes meditations are created in pursuit of certainty, or true knowledge. He cannot assume that what he has learned is necessarily true, because he is unsure of the accuracy of its initial source. In order to purge himself of all information that is possibly wrong, he subjects his knowledge to methodic doubt. This results in a (theoretical) doubt of everything he knows. Anything, he reasons, that can sustain such serious doubt must be unquestionable truth, andRead More Descartes Meditations Essay2147 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDescartes Meditations In DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ meditations, Descartes begins what Bernard Williams has called the project of Ã¢â¬Ëpure enquiryÃ¢â¬â¢ to discover an indubitable premise or foundation to base his knowledge on, by subjecting everything to a kind of scepticism now known as Cartesian doubt. This is known as foundationalism, where a philosopher basis all epistemological knowledge on an indubitable premise. Within meditation one Descartes subjects all of his beliefs regarding sensory data and evenRead MoreEssay on Descartes Meditations1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDescartes Meditations The way Descartes chose to write this piece literature captivated me. Descartes was a very intelligent man who wanted to make sense of the world he lived in. The format he used was unusual. It seems to me that he may have used this format, which is a replication of the book of Genesis in the Bible, to have a deeper and more profound impact on the reader. There are many similarities between Descartes Meditations and the first book of the Bible, Genesis. ForRead MoreEssay on Descartes - Meditations1640 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the Meditations, Rene Descartes attempts to doubt everything that is possible to doubt. His uncertainty of things that existence ranges from God to himself. Then he goes on to start proving that things do exist by first proving that he exists. After he establishes himself he can go on to establish everything else in the world. Next he goes to prove that the mind is separate then the body. In order to do this he must first prove he has a mind, and t hen prove that bodily things exist. I doRead MoreDescartes Meditations On First Philosophy1961 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditations on First Philosophy, I will be considering if Descartes resolution to the Ã¢â¬Å"dreaming argumentÃ¢â¬ seems acceptable to trust. The First Meditation is where the Ã¢â¬Å"dreaming argumentÃ¢â¬ is first mentioned and then gets resolved later in the Sixth Meditation and the Objections and Replies. I will be touching on the idea that our experiences could be dreaming experiences based on personal experiences and thoughts I have had regarding this topic. Then I will go on to explain how it isRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Descartes Meditations1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDescartes Meditations is said to be the beginning of Western Philosophy. His writings are still greatly referred to to this day, and he is most famous for his quote Ã¢â¬Å"cogito ergo sumÃ¢â¬ which translates to Ã¢â¬Å"I think, therefore I am.Ã¢â¬ Each of Descarte sÃ¢â¬â¢ meditations are followed by objections from other theologists and philosophers, and thereon followed by replies from Descartes. Some objections are made stronger than others, for example, Thomas Hobbes, and it could be doubted whether or not DescartesRead MoreThe Meditations By Rene Descartes1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRenÃ © Descartes main goal in the Meditations is to establish that one exists and that a perfect God exists. However, he first argues that the idea that everything perceived around one could be false because the senses are sometimes deceiving. In the first Meditation, Descartes introduces skepticism and brings forth a method of doubt in which he evaluates his beliefs, and questions whether they are true or false and why they should be doubted. He presents various hypothesis that prove there is reasonRead MoreDescartes Meditations Of First Philosophy857 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChristopher Joao Philosophy- 201 Mr. Jurkiewicz 4 March 2016 DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ - Meditation #2 Rene Descartes was a French philosopher born in 1596. He is considered by many the father of modern philosophy and continues to have tremendous influence in the philosophical world to this day. The book, Meditations of First Philosophy, consist of six meditations and describes one meditation per day for six days. In meditation two, he claims that we have better knowledge of our own minds than of the physicalRead MoreAnalysis Of Descartes s The Meditations Essay1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThroughout the Meditations, Descartes successfully establishes methodical doubt about math and all sensory information, however, his answer to the doubt cast by the Evil Demon ploy does not fully relieve the dilemma of skepticism that his intense application of doubt has brought forth. Ultimately, Descartes is unable to satisfactorily answer the Evil Demon doubt because his argument does not prove that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence would not prevent the serious errors in judgment and perception caused by t he Evil
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Business Communication Issue. Answer: Introduction: Business communication is constituted with three major aspects that include verbal communication, written communication and electronic business communication. In this specific study verbal communication has been chosen as the selected business communication issue. By using Berlos SMCR Communication Model the study has focused to highlight on how messages are transmitted from a proper source to the receiver with the help of various verbal communication tools. One of the most significant positive aspects of verbal communication is that both the sender and the receiver can get immediate feedback from each other. Business communication issue: Various types of verbal communications include speech, video, telephonic, conversation through dialogue and so on. If an individual fails to maintain effective verbal communication by using these tools, the communication process becomes a major issue. Speech: In order to maintain an effective verbal business communication, speech is the most important aspect that enables both the sender and receiver to understand each others point of views (Bovee, Courtland, 2012). As per Berlos SMCR Communication Model, communication skill is highly important to transmit the message to the mind of receiver. Berlos SMCR Communication Model implies that the speech of an individual would be effective only when the receiver can understand the message proper and give the sender and immediate as well as proper feedback. As per the communication model of Berlo, it can be analyzed that an individual person by using a proper source transmits the message through a proper channel to the receiver. In this specific case, speech is the source that can be transmitted to the receiver with the help of specific channel (Guffey Loewy, 2012). Here, the capability of hearing and observing the speech can be considered as the proper channel. If the receiver can understand the message, it will reflect on the attitude of that particular individual. Video and demonstration: Video and demonstration is one of the most recognizable ways of verbal business communication. With the help of visual aid the speaker can draw the attention of people constantly. The receiver on the other hand, does not feel monotony with the visual effect. Berlos SMCR Communication Model implies that without having a fluent skill of demonstration the sender would not be able to transmit the message to the proper destination effectively. With the rapid progress of video the speaker should have the capability to describe the entire slide simultaneously (Ma et al., 2013). Otherwise, the viewers would not be able to relate the message with video clips. In this kind of situation, Berlos SMCR Communication Model plays a major role. By using this particular model, the sender should use the proper source by improving body language and communication skill for the demonstration of visual aids. The video content can be considered as the message that can be transmitted to the receiver through power of observation to the receiver (Uysal Heidarpour, 2012). If the receiver can observed that video and relate the visual clips and demonstration with video contents, the attitudes of receiver can provide a positive vive. As a result, internal communication in between the encoder and decoder would be effective automatically. Telephonic conversation: The method of telephonic conversation is different from video or dialogues. In this particular mode of verbal communication, the sender and receiver cannot view each other while maintaining conversation (Baldwin, Bommer Rubin, 2012). Therefore, the entire process of communication method can become a serious issue if the encoder and the decoder fail to clarify their message properly. Berlos SMCR Communication Model is very much effective in this specific case. Communication skill of the sender is the primary source. Based on the communication skill the person can transmit the message to the receiver by hearing properly (Bull Brown, 2012). If the receiver fails to hear the message of sender the entire process of business communication would become a major issue. In telephonic conversation the receiver would not be able to show their feedback through attitude or facial expression. Therefore, voice is the only tool with the help of which the sender would get to know whether the entire conversation has become effective or not (Conrad Newberry, 2012). At the same time, as per Berlos SMCR Communication Model, the receiver cannot use observation as their medium of channel of transmitting message. The receiver can provide necessary feedback by hearing and feeling the tone of voice. Conversation through dialogue: Dialogue is the only way of verbal business communication with the help of which both the sender and receiver can give equal participation for making the process of communication successful. This particular method enables the two communicators to make face-to-face conversation (Keyton et al., 2013). As a result, both the sender and the receiver can provide immediate feedback to each other. This kind of communication method is most suitable for most of the business organizations where employees and the employers can make interpersonal communication. Berlos SMCR Communication Model implies that communication skill, attitude and body language of an individual are the primary sources this type of verbal communication. In order to transmit the message to the receiver the sender tends to use observation as the major tool. If the receiver fails to observe and hear the message of that individual the entire process of business communication would be failed (Lutgen-Sandvik Tracy, 2012). If the receiver tends to provide an immediate response to the encoder, the process of business communication would not create any issue. Similarly, if the senders fail to communicate properly and to convince the receiver the entire process of business communication would fail (Basil et al., 2013). Therefore, dialogue making is one of the most suitable ways to maintain verbal communication with each other. Conclusion: Issues related to business communication are the major concern of this specific study. In order to communicate with two or more than two individual Berlos SMCR Communication Model is very significant. Among the three modes of business communication process the importance of verbal communication is most prominent. Verbal communication enables the participants to maintain direct conversation with each other. In this specific study, various classifications of verbal communication such as speech, dialogues, telephonic have been depicted. At the same time, the contribution of Berlos SMCR Communication Model while maintaining verbal communication has been portrayed in the specific study. References Baldwin, T. T., Bommer, W. H., Rubin, R. S. (2012). Managing organizational behavior: What great managers know and do. Basil, M., Basil, D., Deshpande, S., Lavack, A. M. (2013). Applying the Extended Parallel Process Model to workplace safety messages.Health communication,28(1), 29-39. Bovee, Courtland. (2012).Business Communication Today, 10/e. Pearson Education India. Bull, M., Brown, T. (2012). Change communication: the impact on satisfaction with alternative workplace strategies.Facilities,30(3/4), 135-151. Conrad, D., Newberry, R. (2012). Identification and instruction of important business communication skills for graduate business education.Journal of Education for Business,87(2), 112-120. Guffey, M. E., Loewy, D. (2012).Essentials of business communication. Cengage Learning. Keyton, J., Caputo, J. M., Ford, E. A., Fu, R., Leibowitz, S. A., Liu, T., ... Wu, C. (2013). Investigating verbal workplace communication behaviors.The Journal of Business Communication (1973),50(2), 152-169. Lutgen-Sandvik, P., Tracy, S. J. (2012). Answering five key questions about workplace bullying: How communication scholarship provides thought leadership for transforming abuse at work.Management Communication Quarterly,26(1), 3-47. Ma, T., Hempel, M., Peng, D., Sharif, H. (2013). A survey of energy-efficient compression and communication techniques for multimedia in resource constrained systems.IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials,15(3), 963-972. Uysal, M., Heidarpour, M. R. (2012). Cooperative communication techniques for future-generation HF radios.IEEE Communications Magazine,50(10), 56-63.
Monday, April 13, 2020
What is Judaism according to Heschel Essay Example Paper What is Judaism according to Heschel Essay Introduction According to Rabbi Heschel Judaism was that whenever somebody mentioned the name Judaism, it was like taking about either somebody citing a poem, God the father or someone who lived a spiritual life. Since many people believed that without God everything is impossible, Heschel tried to come out clearly that people need to be strong in faith despite all the difficulties they are going through. He also stressed out that everyone should be able to live peacefully with each other by forgiving one another whenever there is a problem between them. (Merkel, 1985, p.2) (Heschel, 1985).The word of God was for everyone no matter what they do, where they come from or whatever language they speak. One way of making people understands the word of God was to write and come out clearly about religious teachings. They were also being taught how to live in harmony and how to confess to one another whenever there is a problem among them. (Merkel, 1985, p. 3) (Heschel, 1985).According to Heschel, Torah Ã¢â¬â¢s ways of giving out ideas or explanations about Judaism was like a reflection of what has been happening in our daily lives as it was written in the bible. God the Father also appears as a very bright light to show people that they should believe and have faith in Him all the time. (Merkel, 1985, p. 4) (Heschel, 1985).Heschel join one of the spiritual congregations where he became more spiritual and strong in faith. This attracted very many people as it was a good example of a Jesus follower. It also made many people to listen, understand and believe in the word of God. (Merkel, 1985, p. 5) (Heschel, 1985).Rabbi was so much into Christianity that he could not have time to come together with other people in his congregation. This made the people of his congregation to say that he was over doing the work of Christianity. He also tried to make people have peace, love, and unity and go as far celebrating mass as a sign of commitment to God. . (Merkel, 1985, p. 6) (Heschel, 1985 ).Everyone was to understand the word of God in the right way and apply in their daily life. This was made to encourage the weak people who were not strong in faith to be able to participate in duties that strengthen their faith. The difficulties that the people of Israel experience on Mount Sinai were a big challenge for them in their life. This is because from there is when man had really believed that God do exist. (Merkel, 1985, p. 7) (Heschel, 1985).He brought the image of God as he appears to Moses on Mount Sinai. This is when MosesÃ¢â¬â¢ people had no faith in God and started worshipping other gods. God became angry and appeared to Moses and gave him the Ten Commandments that could guide and make his people believe and trust in God. The Ten Commandments were written so that everyone should believe that all the writings were truly from Jesus but not Moses. (Merkel, 1985, p. 8) (Heschel, 1985).Moses is also portrayed as good leader because he is seen leading his people from I srael to Misery as per instructions given by God. This is when God appeared to him as burning bush when he was looking after the cattle. By then they had no commandments to follow but they still believed in God as their creator and source of inspiration in their life. (Merkel, 1985, p. 9) (Heschel, 1985).As it is seen in the bible that by the time God gave Moses the Ten Commandments, his people had already lost their faith and started worshipping other gods. This made it very difficult for Moses to make all of them believe in the Ten Commandments given the God. It implies that not all MosesÃ¢â¬â¢ people accepted the Ten Commandments. That, s why there are always new laws every generation. (Merkel, 1985, p. 10) (Heschel, 1985).Though there were some people who disagreed with Moses as he gave them the Ten Commandments, majority believed on the Ten Commandments that made many generations that comes after them to accept and follow the Ten Commandments as it was meant to strengthen peo pleÃ¢â¬â¢s faith in their daily life. (Merkel, 1985, p. 11) (Heschel, 1985).People should be in a position to understand and believe in JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ signs as it was written in the bible. They need to accept that even though they canÃ¢â¬â¢t see some of these things happening now, they had already happened before and their fore fathers believed in them. So itÃ¢â¬â¢s a big challenge to them to accept the reality of the past. (Merkel, 1985, p. 12) (Heschel, 1985).As it is written in the bible that when Jesus went to Cana and wine got finished during the wedding, He asked for water and turned it into wine for the people who were in the wedding. And also when there was a lot of wind when he was with James and John in a boat, He stopped the wind. These two signs show that God is always there for his people and He will always present in them wherever they go. (Merkel, 1985, p. 13) (Heschel, 1985).It is good to believe in what you understand best than to believe in what you donÃ¢â¬â ¢t know. This only comes out when you really accept, believe and have faith in the scriptures of the bible. You should be able to relate the scriptures of the bible into your daily life and try to practice them in your life because this is only way to strengthened your faith. (Merkel, 1985, p. 14) (Heschel, 1985).Moses was one of the most prominent leaders that God used to show people the right way of life that will remain a remembrance in life to everyone. These are written in the bible so that everyone can understand whatever happened in the past during the reign of their fore fathers. (Merkel, 1985, p. 15) (Heschel, 1985).It is also important to preach or translate the scriptures of the bible according what was written rather than preaching the things which do not exist to people. This is because whatever is being taught now will remain as a history for the coming generations. They should understand that the scriptures of the bible are holy words from God the father but just a no rmal human being. (Merkel, 1985, p. 16) (Heschel, 1985).God communicated to his people through the scriptures by sending prophets to perform various signs. This can be seen as he ordered Abraham to sacrifice his only son, appearing to Moses as burning bush, saving his disciple from drowning during the strong wind and raising Larus from death after four days. All these events remain as a history to every generation that comes and it will always be there to guide them in their life. (Merkel, 1985, p. 17) (Heschel, 1985).The covenant between God and Moses on Mount Sinai was a sign of an agreement between the people of Israel and God. It made easier for the people of Israel to communicate to God and adored Him as their only savior. So for the people of Israel to communicate to God they had to understand the scripture, translate it and relate to their daily life. (Merkel, 1985, p. 18) (Heschel, 1985).The covenant made on Mount Sinai lead to various activities to be performed by man. This is where man had to obey the holy Sunday, do not kill, do not steal, obey their parents so that you can live longer, believe in God all the time and always standing firm to tell truth. Even the people of Israel went as far as fasting in order to strengthen their faith which remained as history to all the coming generations. (Merkel, 1985, p. 19) (Heschel, 1985).When Moses received the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai, it does not mean it was the end of everything that God had to give his people. It implies that the door was still open for more teachings in the future. This encourages people to believe and trust in God as their only comforter during the trial moments in their lives. (Merkel, 1985, p. 20) (Heschel, 1985).The bible was not written as book to be read but as scripture to guide people in their lives. It was supposed to be read, understand the meaning of the scriptures and translate and then preach the right words of God to the people. This would inspire many people to rea d the scriptures of the bible and know the reason why Jesus sacrificed to suffer on their behalf. (Merkel, 1985, p. 21) (Heschel, 1985).As seen that it is very easier for the people to live as GodÃ¢â¬â¢s people when they both understand the bible very well. Therefore it is good to make people believe in Jesus as their only guidance in life. When you follow the right path that is GodÃ¢â¬â¢s foot steps, you will find life interesting and encouraging no matter what difficulties you may be going through. It also makes man become a strong Christian which remains as an example to his forth coming generations. (Merkel, 1985, p. 22) (Heschel, 1985).Jesus loves the world so much that he bled and died for the human kind. So it is the work of the man to be able to follow GodÃ¢â¬â¢s commandments in order to fulfill GodÃ¢â¬â¢s promises. It does mean that God made it so difficult for the man not to enjoy life but to have good life both in the world and in heaven. That is why Jesus forbids man not to do some of the things in life. It is not a punishment but a lesson to prepare them for both life in the world and the kingdom of God. (Merkel, 1985, p. 23) (Heschel, 1985).Everyone should be able to carry his own cross when it comes to serving God because you will be judged according your own deeds but not on the behalf of someone else. Man must be able to know the scriptures of the bible so that it can able to apply it any time in his or her life. This will also help people to have time worship God because everyone is a position to read and interpret whatever information which is in the bible. (Merkel, 1985, p. 24) (Heschel, 1985).Conclusion:Judaism is all about the past events that happened during the reign of the prophets like Moses, Elijah and Abraham. These are the days when God used to communicate to man through prophets. The prophets could see God in visions, signs and symbols then go and communicate to the people according what they have seen in their visions or symbols they had received. They had to explain all the details of what God told them. So that is how man communicated to god in older days.Reference:Heschel, A. J. (1965). Between God and Man: An interpretation of Judaism.Free Press New York. ISBN- 13: 9780029145104.Merkle, J. C., ed. (1985) Abraham Joshua Heschel: Exploring His Life and Thought: Judaismas a Prism Ã¢â¬â Excavating HeschelÃ¢â¬â¢s Refracted Torah Eitan Freedenberg.London: Collier Macmillan. Available athttp://www.history.umd.edu/Faculty/BCooperman/Construction_Jewish_Knowledge/CJKhandout2006_files/Eitan%20Freedenberg%20-%20HeschelÃ¢â¬â¢s%20Prism.pdfAccessed on July 28, 2008. What is Judaism according to Heschel Essay Thank you for reading this Sample!